新华社乌鲁木齐1月2日电(记者李志浩)2019年,新疆棉花产量继续保持全国最高,达万吨,虽较2018年下降%,但占全国总产量比重同比增加个百分点,达%。新疆棉花总产、单产、种植面积、商品调拨量连续25年位居全国第一。

In 2019, Xinjiang's cotton production continued to remain the highest in the country, reaching 10,000 tons, down% from 2018, but up a percentage point, or%, on a year-on-year basis. Xinjiang ranks first in cotton production, unit yield, planting area and commodity allocation for 25 consecutive years.

  国家统计局最新数据显示,2019年,新疆棉花播种面积万亩,较2018年增长2%,占全国种植面积的76%。新疆棉花(皮棉)单产为131公斤/亩,继续高于全国单产平均值,高出公斤/亩。

The latest figures from the National Bureau of Statistics show that in 2019, the planting area of cotton in Xinjiang was 10,000 mu, an increase of 2 percent over 2018, accounting for 76 percent of the country's planting area. The unit yield of cotton (lint) in Xinjiang is 131 kg \/ mu, which continues to be higher than the national average per unit yield, which is higher than kg \/ mu.

  近年来,全程机械化在新疆棉田得到大范围推广应用。新疆维吾尔自治区农业农村厅数据显示,新疆北部9成以上棉田已实现全程机械化,南疆地区棉花采收机械化率也在逐年增长。2019年,全区棉花机采面积首次突破1150万亩,新疆作为全国优质棉生产基地的地位得到进一步巩固。

In recent years, full mechanization has been widely used in Xinjiang cotton fields. Data from the Agricultural and Rural Bureau of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region show that more than 90% of the cotton fields in northern Xinjiang have been mechanized throughout the process, and the mechanization rate of cotton harvest in southern Xinjiang is increasing year by year. In 2019, the area of cotton machine mining in the whole region exceeded 11.5 million mu for the first time, and Xinjiang's status as a national base for high-quality cotton production was further consolidated.

  2019年,新疆逐步调减棉花品种数量,在全区范围内推广“一主两辅”用种模式,主栽品种占棉花种植总面积73%以上,棉花品质一致性稳步提升。同时,南疆棉花主产区积极推广棉花滴灌水肥一体化机采种植模式,实现棉花生产节本增效。

In 2019, Xinjiang gradually reduced the number of cotton varieties, and popularized the \"one main, two auxiliary\" pattern in the whole region. The main varieties accounted for more than 73% of the total cotton planting area, and the consistency of cotton quality was steadily improved. At the same time, the main cotton production areas in southern Xinjiang actively promote cotton drip irrigation, water and fertilizer integrated machine planting mode to achieve cotton production cost-saving efficiency.

  自治区农业农村厅相关负责人介绍,近年来,新疆棉花生产呈现规模化种植比例增加、种植成本降低、集约化水平提升的发展态势。

In recent years, the cotton production in Xinjiang has shown a trend of increasing the proportion of large-scale planting, lowering the cost of planting and increasing the level of intensive cultivation, according to the responsible person of the agriculture and rural affairs department of the autonomous region.


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