In 2019, Xinjiang's cotton production continued to remain the highest in the country, reaching 10,000 tons, down% from 2018, but up a percentage point, or%, on a year-on-year basis. Xinjiang ranks first in cotton production, unit yield, planting area and commodity allocation for 25 consecutive years.
The latest figures from the National Bureau of Statistics show that in 2019, the planting area of cotton in Xinjiang was 10,000 mu, an increase of 2 percent over 2018, accounting for 76 percent of the country's planting area. The unit yield of cotton (lint) in Xinjiang is 131 kg \/ mu, which continues to be higher than the national average per unit yield, which is higher than kg \/ mu.
In recent years, full mechanization has been widely used in Xinjiang cotton fields. Data from the Agricultural and Rural Bureau of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region show that more than 90% of the cotton fields in northern Xinjiang have been mechanized throughout the process, and the mechanization rate of cotton harvest in southern Xinjiang is increasing year by year. In 2019, the area of cotton machine mining in the whole region exceeded 11.5 million mu for the first time, and Xinjiang's status as a national base for high-quality cotton production was further consolidated.
In 2019, Xinjiang gradually reduced the number of cotton varieties, and popularized the \"one main, two auxiliary\" pattern in the whole region. The main varieties accounted for more than 73% of the total cotton planting area, and the consistency of cotton quality was steadily improved. At the same time, the main cotton production areas in southern Xinjiang actively promote cotton drip irrigation, water and fertilizer integrated machine planting mode to achieve cotton production cost-saving efficiency.
In recent years, the cotton production in Xinjiang has shown a trend of increasing the proportion of large-scale planting, lowering the cost of planting and increasing the level of intensive cultivation, according to the responsible person of the agriculture and rural affairs department of the autonomous region.