The regulation and development of infant and child care services have helped to reduce the increasing burden of childcare on the family. On January 6, the State Health and Health Commission and the Ministry of Civil Affairs issued the \"Measures on Registration and Filing of Nursing Institutions (Trial Implementation)\"(hereinafter referred to as\" Measures \") in order to strengthen the registration and record-keeping of nursing institutions.
The National Health and Health Commission's Department of Population Monitoring and Family Development explained that the Measures are of great significance to guide all localities to do a good job, promote the establishment and improvement of a system of record-keeping and information publicity, strengthen the supervision and administration of care institutions and promote the development of high-quality infant and child care services.
After the implementation of the comprehensive two-child policy in 2015, the problem of \"one old and one small\" in \"one old and one small\" was also prominent. In the case of infants under the age of three, the National Health and Health Commission last year showed that there were about 50 million children, while the rate of infant and child care was only%, nearly 80% of them were in the care and care of their ancestors.
In May 2019, the General Office of the State Council, in the Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Development of Child Care Services for Children under the Age of Three, proposed that \"we should fully mobilize the enthusiasm of the public, carry out various forms of infant care services, and gradually meet the needs of the people for infant care services,\" and that we should standardize the development of various forms of infant care service institutions.
The Measures are applicable to care-raising institutions providing full-time, half-day, hourly and temporary care services for infants and young children under the age of three.At the same time, the registration departments of the three types of care-raising institutions are clearly defined: the institutions of the nature of the institutions shall be approved and registered by the establishment department, the institutions of the nature of social services shall be registered with the civil affairs department, and the institutions of profit-making care shall be registered with the market supervision and administration department.
The Measures require that when applying for registration, the care institution shall specify the contents of the care service in its business scope (or business scope) and may include the words \"care\" in its name. The department of health and health shall, after receiving the record-keeping materials of the care institution, put them on record in a timely manner within 5 working days, verify the situation in accordance with relevant regulations, and conduct supervision after doing good deeds.
\"If it is found that it does not comply with the relevant regulations and requirements, it shall notify the parties within 15 working days to explain the relevant information and make it public to the public, and guide the institutions to strengthen their self-discipline and standardize their operation. Requirements of the Measures.
In addition, the Measures emphasize that health, establishment, civil affairs, market supervision and other departments should make public the relevant policies and regulations on care services, the registration and filing requirements of care institutions and the relevant information of care institutions on official websites, and accept public inquiries and supervision.
The problem of \"insufficient supply and low quality\" has been prominent, which breeds the phenomenon of parent-child early education garden. Nandu reporter noted that since last year, China has stepped up support for the development of infant care services under the age of 3.
Recently, Yang Wenzhuang, director of the National Health and Health Commission's Population Monitoring and Family Development Department, pointed out that 2020 is the first year of care and development, and we should adhere to Chinese standards, build Chinese brands, and constantly improve the system of policies and regulations and the construction of service supply system.
In its interpretation, the Population Monitoring and Family Development Department pointed out that the Measures are of great significance to guide all localities to do a good job, promote the establishment and improvement of a system of record-keeping and information publicity, strengthen the supervision and management of care institutions and promote the development of high-quality infant and child care services.
Yang Wenzhuang stressed that care work should adhere to the family-oriented, and continue to improve the quality of family members. It is also necessary to encourage government agencies, enterprises and institutions and support social forces to take part in the development of care and education.The whole society should make great efforts to support and solve difficult problems, create a good environment conducive to the safe and high-quality growth of children, and devote itself to the construction of a healthy China.
The Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Development of Child Care Services for Young and Young Children Under the Age of Three issued last year also made it clear that \"the family is the main body responsible for the care of young and young children \", with emphasis on providing scientific parenting guidance for the family and providing necessary services for families or infants with genuine care difficulties.